During their developmental stages, the hatchlings need an ample amount of animal protein at the prime of their lives, especially for the growth of their muscles and plumes. This bird has a few funny nicknames including ‘drummer’ or ‘thunder-chicken’. The best-known North American species is the ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus). Weight: The males weigh around 500 – 750 g, while the weight of the females is between 450 and 600, with an average mass of 644 g. Feather/Plumage: The coloration of the ruffed grouse is obscure. Dove: Squab, squeaker. The ruffed grouse is not a threatened species. The ruffed grouse is characterized by its non-vocal acoustic display known as ‘drumming’. 17-20 ounces within a few weeks. A baby rat is called a pup. They have a lighter plumage that is barred on the belly and the lower part of the breast. A baby hawk is called that eyas. Grouse /ɡraʊs/ are a group of birds from the order Galliformes, in the family Phasianidae. They line the nest with leaves and feathers to keep it soft and warm. Do you want to use it in a sentence? If not, you have come to the right place! Eyes: The eyes are small, black, round and bead-like, placed just in the middle of their small round head. It emits a typical thumping sound, which is mainly a courtship display done by the male primarily to attract the opposite sex. Swan: cygnet, flapper. Calls emitted by the females include a nasal squealing or hissing alarm, and also a ‘pete-pete-peta-peta’ call made before flushing. This article was most recently revised and updated by, grouse - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). They are acrobatic fliers, though their flights do not last long. They defend their territories – a piece of 6-10 acre woodland which they generally share with one or two hens (females). The ruffed grouse is the state bird of the US state of Pennsylvania. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The male bird does not play any role in the process of nesting and rearing the babies, but leaves soon after mating. They are one of ten species of grouse that are found in North America, and mostly in those parts of the country where snow is an integral part of the winter scene. Such fun words! These birds prefer mixed woodlands rich in poplar, birch and aspen. Autumn finds these birds dwelling around alder, hawthorn and blackberry thickets, and in overgrown apple orchards as feeding and cover sites. The baby grouses weigh around ½ an ounce when they hatch out, but grow very fast, increasing up to 38 to 46 folds, i.e. http://www.arkive.org/ruffed-grouse/bonasa-umbellus/, http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Bonasa_umbellus/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruffed_grouse, http://www.naturenorth.com/winter/grouse/rgrouse2.html. Size: The length of male ruffed grouse is between 43 and 50 cm, whereas the females are between 40 and 47. These birds have toes with little, projected extensions. The baby grouse looks like a smaller version of the female, except the dark band on the tail tip and a less distinctly-marked head. The rat gestation period last 21 to 23 days, and the entire labor and birthing process only lasts about two hours. It occurs locally from Michigan to Saskatchewan, south to Missouri, New Mexico, and coastal Texas and Louisiana; northernmost birds are somewhat migratory. In the US, their location extends far up to the north till central Alaska, and as far south as northern Georgia. The male capercaillie, sometimes called cock of the woods, is about 85 cm (33.5 inches) long, with black and brown plumage glossed with blue and green. Your email address will not be published. According to the grouse hunters, the ruffed grouses are extremely difficult to spot. Ruffed grouse live mainly on berries, fruits, seeds, and buds but also take much animal food. The greater prairie chicken or pinnated grouse (Tympanuchus cupido), sometimes called a boomer, is a large bird in the grouse family.This North American species was once abundant, but has become extremely rare and extirpated over much of its range due to habitat loss. Corrections? Collective Nouns Quiz. Though mainly a ground-dwelling bird, they are skilled fliers, and are often confused with the ‘grey partridge’. They also thrive upon some fernsrose hips, strawberries, and the green leaves of clover, worms and insects. The Blue Grouse is separated into two sub-species, one called the Sooty Grouse which is found near the Pacific Coast and the Dusky Grouse found in the interiors of the West. No doubt, fighting in some groups of mammals also serves this function as well as others.…, >grouse (Tetraonidae). The greater prairie chicken (T. cupido) is a 45-cm (17.5-inch) bird with brown plumage strongly barred below and a short rounded dark tail; a male may weigh almost 1 kg. Two species that display spectacularly are the sage grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) and the sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus).

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