Purely textual EA artifacts contain only plain text. The Artifact in the repository acts as a surrogate, and any number of elements can be connected to it or Enterprise architecture consists of multiple different artifacts providing certain views of an organization and the available enterprise architecture literature offers a number of comprehensive lists of artifacts that can be used as part of an enterprise architecture practice. Berlin: Springer. Enterprise Architecture Artifact First of all we need a definition of what an EA artifacts is. Please note that the EA artifact documents the EA component. They help architects optimise the IT landscape and select best implementation options for new IT projects. Spewak, S.H., and Hill, S.C. 1992. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. Since a mere documentation of the current situation does not imply any real decisions, all EA artifacts describing only the current state can be automatically considered as facts EA artifacts from the perspective of their general meaning in an EA practice, Explicit duality is when different parts of EA artifacts are relevant to different groups of actors, e.g. An artifact is any physical piece of information used or produced by a system. describe high-level connections between various applications, databases, platforms, systems and sometimes business processes covering large parts of the corporate IT landscape, typically in their current states. Enterprise architecture artifacts (or EA artifacts) are separate documents constituting enterprise architecture. Since all planning decisions regarding the future require the discussion and consensus between their stakeholders, these EA artifacts are always developed or updated collaboratively by all relevant stakeholders and represented in formats convenient for these stakeholders. Typically EA artifacts covering wider scopes are less detailed, while EA artifacts covering narrower scopes are more detailed, EA artifacts can focus on different temporal states of an organization, i.e. Enterprise architecture (EA) is widely used in diverse organizations across the globe and is usually associated with popular EA frameworks (TOGAF, Zachman, FEAF, etc.). But what EA artifacts then are used in real successful EA practices? Enterprise architecture (EA) is widely used in diverse organizations across the globe and is usually associated with popular EA frameworks (TOGAF, Zachman, FEAF, etc.). [2] EA artifacts provide descriptions of an organization from different perspectives important for the various actors involved in strategic decision-making and implementation of IT systems. Due to their short lifespan, the very need to update or maintain temporary EA artifacts is usually absent. They are transitory, single-purposed and disposable. describe specific IT projects in a brief business-oriented manner, usually including their high-level architectures, expected business value, estimated costs, risks and timelines. They can be considered as key elements and cornerstones of an EA practice. The views in this article are the views of the author and are his own personal views that should not be associated with any other individuals or organisations. The concepts discussed in this section have been adapted from more formal definitions contained in ISO/IEC 42010:2007 and illustrated in Figure 35-1. TOGAF or IAF, provide exhaustive lists of EA artifacts to be used in EA practices. In Enterprise Architect these are represented by the Artifact element, which can have one of a number of stereotypes to tailor it to a specific purpose, including internal operations and structures within the model as indicated in the examples. Enterprise architecture artifacts (or EA artifacts) are separate documents constituting enterprise architecture. The notation used is from the Unified Modeling Language (UML) specification. Essentially, decisions EA artifacts play the primary role in an EA practice by providing the instruments for effective communication, balanced decision-making and collaborative IT planning. Kotusev, S. 2016. business or IT capabilities, overarching rules, executive-level considerations, etc.) Enterprise Architecture Planning: Developing a Blueprint for Data, Applications and Technology. Enterprise Architecture = Strategy + Business + Technology. Landscape diagrams are usually maintained by architects and updated at the completion stages of all IT projects modifying the IT landscape. Toggle Submenu for Deliver & teach qualifications, © 2020 BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT, International higher education qualifications (HEQ), Certification and scholarships for teachers, Professional certifications for your team, Training providers and adult education centres, Enterprise Architecture Frameworks: The Fad of the Century. He also reflects on how our relationship with technology is ever evolving. How to implement a clean, green data centre strategy, How keyloggers work and how to defeat them. They “live” and evolve together with an organization. They can be considered as key elements and cornerstones of an EA practice. My analysis shows that reasonably mature EA practices usually use around 10-15 different EA artifacts. Unlike decisions EA artifacts, facts EA artifacts do not imply any planning decisions and have no implications for the future. Importantly, these EA artifacts represent eight consistent groups of EA artifacts with very similar meaning found in different organisations regardless of their organisation-specific titles. specific IT initiatives or projects, tend to be temporary EA artifacts, Decisions EA artifacts represent made planning decisions, i.e. [4] EA artifacts can be very diverse in their basic properties and attributes. As a result of my analysis of EA artifacts I identified eight specific EA artifacts which can arguably be considered as essential for EA practices since they are found in the majority of organisations with more or less mature EA practices. Guidelines are typically developed and periodically updated by architects and subject-matter experts in specific areas. TRMs and guidelines are the most common EA artifacts related to the standards general type (IT-focused rules). Additionally, some EA artifacts can describe a combination of all these states in different proportions or can even be essentially stateless, i.e. Boundary objects are a useful concept to understand the coordinative role of artifacts in practice, making them a proper vehicle to analyze how EA artifacts can be designed to support communication and coordination during enterprise transformation. Essentially, an EA practice revolves around using specific sets of EA artifacts for improving communication between different actors.[3]. Enterprise Architecture Practice on a Page is an evidence-based model of an EA practice on a single page. However, the approaches to EA advocated by these sources represent typical management fads that cannot be successfully implemented in organisations. Stephen J Pratt FBCS, offers his personal reflections on how COVID-19 has - and continues to - change working practices, management, expectations and conventions. Landscape diagrams are seemingly the most common EA artifacts related to the Landscapes general type (IT-focused structures). Descriptions contained in EA artifacts can range in their granularity from very high-level abstractions (e.g. They are based only on informed opinions of their contributors regarding the desirable future course of action and shaped primarily by the key interests of their stakeholders. to pretty low-level details (e.g. TOGAF. Insight: What being a business analyst really means. The Atomic Weapons Establishment was founded in 1952 to make the UK’s warheads for the nation’s strategic nuclear deterrent. Their duality allows using EA artifacts as a means of communication and partnership between different groups of actors involved in strategic decision-making and implementation of IT systems. 'Six Types of Enterprise Architecture Artifacts' Retrieved 26 November, 2016. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Enterprise Architecture Artifacts: Facts and Decisions", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Enterprise_architecture_artifacts&oldid=986672224, Wikipedia articles that are too technical from September 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, EA artifacts can have different representation formats. Architectures, of all IT projects, are reviewed by architects to ensure their adherence to guidelines and thereby achieve technical consistency and, in some cases, regulatory compliance as well. Principles are the most ‘classic’ EA artifacts related to the considerations general type (business-focused rules). Like all EA artifacts related to standards, TRMs and guidelines represent proven reusable means for IT project implementation. Solution designs (can be called high-level designs, solution definitions, detailed designs, full solution architectures, project-start architectures, etc.) One of the most important properties of EA artifacts is the duality of their informational contents. Artifact. This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Enterprise_architecture_artifacts" ; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Essentially, facts EA artifacts play the supporting role in an EA practice by providing the information base required for developing decisions EA artifacts.

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