Visit Mason’s Safe Return to Campus Plan for COVID-19 updates. State the text from which the quote has been pulled. by Diana Hacker and Nancy Sommers, © Copyright 2020 George Mason University. That’s a no-no. Signal phrases are short phrases that introduce a quote, paraphrase, or summary; they signal to readers that an outside source is being used. Below is a list of verbs that can be used in signal phrases: acknowledges  adds admits affirms agrees answers argues asserts claims comments concedes confirms contends counters counterattacks declares defines denies disputes echoes endorses estimates finds grants illustrates implies insists mentions notes observes predicts proposes reasons recognizes recommends refutes rejects reports responds reveals speculates states suggests surmises warns writes, Adapted from A Writer’s Reference with Writing in the Disciplines 7th ed. Choose a verb that is appropriate to the way you are using your source. Master the signal phrase and you’ll be quoting like a boss in no time. Any student who masters these eight steps will be on his or her way to becoming a successful writer. Signal phrases usually come at the beginning of a sentence before the source material, but they can also occur in the middle of a source or at the end. The nutritionists Young and Robinson propose that an iron-fortified soy sauce is the solution to the anemia problem in the young women of rural China. Eight: Signal Phrases & Smooth Connections. So, we have the quote we want to use, and we know the place in our paper we want to put that quote. To avoid plagiarism: All source material must be cited, and signal phrases are one way to cite a source—however, additional citation formatting may be necessary depending on your citation style. When you quote another writer's words, it's best to introduce or contextualize the quote. ˜ In other words, X believes _____. Remember that you are required to cite your sources for paraphrases and direct quotes. This skill will help set your writing apart, and it will demonstrate that you can effectively join the critical conversation. For more information on MLA Style, APA style, Chicago Style, ASA Style, CSE Style, and I-Search Format, refer to our Gallaudet TIP Citations and References link.. Signal phrases are what enable these smooth transitions in the text. The secret to integrating our quote smoothly is to add a couple of introductory words that set up the quote and place it within the context of our own argument. These are the three crucial elements of a good signal phrase: If you include these three elements in signal phrases for each of your quotations, you will be in good shape. They act as a bridge between your argument and the critical sources you use as support for your argument. Notice how the first sentence here is my own argument. If you have a question about this website, please contact us via the “contact” page. Context is the key word … In this paper, we are going to cite Plato’s Allegory of the Cave as one of our critical sources. It can be a challenge to insert these sources smoothly without taking away from your voice as a writer. Finally, we will discuss how to use signal phrases to properly integrate those quotations in the paper so they seamlessly connect your argument with the broad critical conversation. Without them, your quotes feel like they’ve been dropped in the middle of the paper without any context. In the previous lesson we learned about picking the right quotes to support your argument. You want the quotations to feel like a natural part of the paper. It tells the reader who you are quoting and from which text. This website is created by a former college writing professor with several years of experience teaching Developmental Writing and composition to students of varying ages and backgrounds. Signal Phrases: Verbs to give context Select verbs that will give readers more context for a quote or paraphrase Verbs to introduce a fact/statement: states, writes, mentions, adds, points out, notes, comments, finds, observes, discusses, expresses, considers, explores, illustrates Verbs to introduce views the author disagrees with: For more information and additional writing tools, check out our Developmental Writing Resources page.<br><br><ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display: inline-block; width: 728px; height: 90px;" data-ad-client="ca-pub-9313657476299631" data-ad-slot="1949236881"><br><script><br /> (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});<br />. In most citation styles, including APA, MLA, and Chicago style, you can add variety to your research writing by not always using the same sentence structure to introduce quotations, paraphrases, or pieces of information borrowed from different sources. The CEO of Lighthouse Consulting predicts “a year of exciting, challenging endeavors that will expand the company’s horizons and stimulate growth throughout the company.”. Combining Clauses to Avoid Comma Splices, Run-ons, and Fragments, Common Writing Terms and Concepts Defined, Guidelines for Posting to Discussion Boards, Hedges: Softening Claims in Academic Writing, How to Edit Your Own Essay: Strategies for ESL Students, Improving Cohesion: The "Known/New Contract", Introduction Sections in Scientific Research Reports (IMRaD), Conclusion Sections in Scientific Research Reports (IMRaD), Introductions and Conclusions for Humanities Papers, Online Resources for Improving Grammar and Word Choice in Writing, Quotation, Paraphrase, Summary, and Analysis, Same Form, but Different Functions: Various Meanings of Verb+ing and Verb+ed, Searching for Sources on the Mason Library Databases, Sending Email to Faculty and Administrators, The Three Common Tenses Used in Academic Writing, Using Reduced Relative Clauses to Write Concisely, Word Order in Statements with Embedded Questions, Writing a Scientific Research Report (IMRaD), Writing Personal Statements for Health Professions, Online Resources for Improving Word Choice and Grammar, Personal Statements for Graduate School Applications, An Introduction to Strategies for Structuring and Writing Reviews of the Literature, Algunos recursos en línea para la gramática y el vocabulario en español, Abstracts in Scientific Research Papers (IMRaD), Signposting Language for Improving Cohesion.

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